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The CV is a brief and comprehensive presentation of a person’s life path. It is considered a gateway to his professional and personal world, and represents an essential tool in marketing oneself and introducing the student’s skills and experiences.

Creating a professional CV is a crucial step towards professional success, as it reflects the student’s identity and enhances his or her chances of obtaining fruitful and desirable job opportunities.

Designing an effective CV requires specific directions and steps aimed at highlighting abilities and qualifications in an attractive and logical manner.

Definition of CV

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It is a summary of your life, information, and details of your experiences and professional education, along with some information such as references and contact information. The term “CV” is a Latin term for “Your life storyTherefore, your CV should be a basic document of what you have experienced in your life, whether academic or professional.

The CV is also defined as a brief account of a person’s identity, qualifications, and previous professions in which he worked, and is usually sent with an application to apply for jobs, universities, or Scholarships Or even volunteer training.

Types of CV

  • The first type: when applying for a job, vacancy, or institution for graduates or professionals.
  • The second type: when applying to a university for students.
  • The third type: when applying for a scholarship.
  • The fourth type: when applying for a study visa.
  • Type Five: When applying for a job search visa.
  • Sixth type: When applying for a visa to amend the certificate or other...

The types of CV vary depending on the purpose of writing it and the required format.

Among the most prominent types are:

1- Traditional (classic) CV:

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The traditional resume is the most common, focusing on work history, education, personal skills, and interests. They are organized chronologically or functionally.

  • the beginningYou can start by including a personal summary that reflects your professional and personal identity.
  • OrganizationOrganize information chronologically or functionally, arranging the section on education, work experience, personal skills, and interests.
  • the detailsWrite concisely and clearly about your education, work experiences, and personal skills you possess.
  • Coordination and design: Use a simple, easy-to-read format, and choose a design style that suits your target profession.

2- Functional CV:

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CV Others focus on skills and experience related to the specific job for which a person is applying, without regard to educational background or employment history.

  • Identify skills and experience: Identify the skills and experiences that match the requirements of the target job.
  • Information organization: Organize the information so that the primary focus is on skills relevant to the desired job.
  • Customize your CV: Customize each resume to fit the specific job, and include the strong points that make you qualified for it.

3- Academic CV:

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It is used to search for higher education opportunities or academic research, and focuses on academic achievement, research, and academic activities.

  • Academic achievementStart by including academic qualifications such as university degrees and training courses.
  • Research and academic activities: Highlight the research you have conducted and the academic activities in which you have participated.
  • Personalization of academic opportunities: Customize your CV for each educational or research opportunity you aspire to apply for.

4- Simple (or one-page) CV:

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They are intended to provide a quick, simplified summary of an individual's qualifications on just one page, and are common in some industries and fields that prefer brevity and abbreviations.

Creating a simple, one-page resume requires a high focus on the main points and importance of each part of the resume. Here are some steps to create a streamlined resume:

  • Identify the basic information you want to include on your resume, such as education, work experience, and key skills.
  • Choose a simple, appropriate format for your one-page resume. The format should be easy to read and attractive to the eye.
  • Organize the information in a simple and organized manner. Use main headings and short paragraphs to divide the CV into easy-to-read sections.
  • Make any notable achievements stand out clearly on the CV, such as successful projects or professional awards.
  • Use short, expressive sentences to describe your education and experiences, and keep the text direct and concise.
  • Make sure you focus on the essential and attractive aspects of the resume that make you qualified for the target job.
  • Before printing or sending your resume, be sure to double-check it for grammatical or spelling errors.

By keeping these steps in mind, you can create a streamlined, effective one-page resume that reflects your abilities and skills well.

5- Creative or artistic CV:

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It is used in creative fields such as graphic design or performing arts, where the emphasis is on creative skills and previous projects rather than traditional practical experiences.

Writing a creative CV differs from a traditional CV in some ways:

1. Focus on creative achievements:

  • Highlight your creativity:
    • Mention your most important artistic works or creative projects.
    • Explain your role in each project.
    • Add links or images to your work if possible.
  • Awards and recognitions:
    • Mention any awards or recognition you have received in your field of specialization.
  • Shows and exhibitions:
    • Mention any shows or exhibitions you have participated in.

2. Use creative language:

  • Express yourself in your own style:
    • Use creative language that reflects your personality and interests.
    • Avoid using dry or conventional language.
  • Show your passion:
    • Express your passion for your field of specialization by writing your CV.
    • Make your resume showcase your creativity and skills.

3. Attractive format:

  • Use a unique format:
    • Make your resume catch the employer's attention by using a unique and attractive format.
    • You can use fonts, colors, and images appropriately.
  • Make sure the information is clear:
    • Make sure your resume is easy to read and understand the information on it.

6- CV for beginners or college students:

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It is suitable for people with limited work experience or university students looking for training or work opportunities for the first time, and focuses on education, academic skills, and outside activities.

Writing a strong resume is important even for beginners or college students who haven't started their careers yet. Here are some steps to writing an effective resume as a college student or junior:

1. Basic information:

  • Personal data:
    • Full name
    • Date of Birth
    • Address
    • Phone Number
    • Email address
  • Personal summary:
    • A sentence or two that summarizes your skills, experience, and career goals.

2. Education and training:

  • Degrees:
    • University and specialty
    • Graduation Date
    • Any other academic certificates
  • training courses:
    • Course name
    • Organisers
    • Course date
    • acquired skills

3. Skills:

  • Technical skills:
    • Computer Programs
    • Programming languages
    • Artistic skills
  • Personal skills:
    • communication skills
    • Teamwork skills
    • Problem solving skills

4. Additional information:

  • Hobbies and interests:
    • Activities that best show your personality and skills.
  • Awards and certificates:
    • Any awards or certificates you have obtained.

With each type of resume, you should also keep in mind industry trends and the needs of your potential employer. Use professional and specific language in all circumstances, and be sure to check grammar and spelling to ensure accuracy and professionalism.

Tips when writing a professional CV

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There are some golden rules to follow when writing your CV:

  • Make your contact details clear, especially your email address and phone number.
  • Always list the event date first and then write the description.
  • Write the events of your life in reverse chronological order from most recent to oldest.
  • Use short sentences in your descriptions instead of long sentences.
  • Make sure your core skills stand out.
  • Write down any personal details such as your marital status.
  • Listing dates in chronological order in no more than two pages is a skill in itself, but it will take more than that as you would expect from the time.
  • It takes about 72 hours of work to write a successful and convincing CV. And thinking. Yes, do not be surprised, this number is not easy...
  • There are students who told me that they spent a full 80 hours writing it, and in the end, many of them are now studying or working in many countries such as Germany, Britain, and Singapore.

CV writing guide

First: What is the appropriate font to use?

Choose a clear font and one of the fonts you can choose is:

  • Arial or Tahoma
  • Helvetica
  • sans-serif-Times New Roman
  • Bookman old style

Use a font size of 11 to 12 points and single spacing. For your name and section headings, choose a font size of 14 to 16 points.

Second: Footnotes and dates

  • Set one-inch margins for all four sides. A4 or Letter size.
  • Make sure your resume titles are the same size, and make them larger in bold.
  • Stick to the date format on your CV: for example 01-2021, January 2022 or 01.01.2022.

Third: List the events from newest to oldest in order

Less is more exciting when reading, so summarize what is on your mind as much as possible, and white space is your friend, meaning you will need to put line breaks between the paragraphs of your CV.

Don't stuff lines after each other and make it look good on your CV.

It is important to give great care to the stage of preparing the CV. The CV must not only be attractive, but it must also include the exact information and words that officials need and that help them make their decision.

Fourth: Your official personal photo

Make sure to use a professional-looking photo. Place it next to your name or on the top side of the page.

Fifth: Briefing and conciseness in writing

Don't be one of those candidates stuck in the '90s who thinks they have to include every detail about their life on their resume.

No one has enough time to read everything you went through in your life, starting from primary school until the high school you attended, so shorten it in a line or two, and write only the titles starting from the high school stage.

Sixth: Correct personal data

Your CV must include your name, date of birth, and place of residence, in addition to your means of contact, such as your personal and mobile phone number, email, and website, if available.

Seventh: Write education and qualifications from most recent to oldest

Here, mention your academic qualification and all the academic certificates you have obtained since your graduation, as well as your exact field of specialization, and start arranging the qualifications from most recent to oldest.

Regarding the structure of the education section, following a reverse chronological order is the basis for formatting it within the CV.

Insert the most recent instruction entry for the most recent instruction first, and then work backwards.

Normally, if you have a college degree, it is not advisable to waste valuable space on your CV by listing your primary education.

We can show you a general model of how to write down your learning. You list the following features in this particular order:

  • Degree name: On For example, BA in English Language and Culture.
  • Name of educational institution: For example, the University of Groningen.
  • Years of attendance: For example 2016 - 2019.
  • Program site: For example Groningen, Netherlands.
  • Cumulative average: For example 3. 
  • Job-related courses (optional): on For example, the course of modern popular literature.
  • Exchange programs: For example the exchange program in Oslo, Norway.

Possible ways to write the same degree:

  • Bachelor of Arts in English Language and Culture with a minor
  • Bachelor's degree in English Language and Culture (Major), Teaching (Minor)
  • Bachelor's degree in English language and culture

Eighth: Work, training, or volunteer experiences from most recent to oldest

Here you must remember your experience with any work you have done previously, but you must write it in a more attractive way and do not rely on memorized routine sayings such as commitment and maintaining order only, but rather be creative in your description of yourself while performing your previous work, that you are accurate and innovative in your work and are able to solve the situations and problems that you face in Your job

Ninth: Your interests and achievements briefly

Mentioning unusual hobbies such as mountain climbing, skydiving, or other hobbies that give your supervisor the impression that you have a great ability to rely on yourself and take responsibility increases your chances of getting the job.

You must mention any skills or abilities you have related to the work and attach a sample of them if possible.

Provide any evidence of your ability to drive: for example:

By being the leader of a work team, for example, or the leader of a sports team, or anything like that, in order to gain appreciation in terms of your ability to lead the work successfully.

10. References and people supervising you

The most important topic that most resume experts agree on is that you should not add a list of references to your resume.

Because, in general, the HR department does not have enough time to go through each candidate's list of references. They have a lot more important things to do than access all the references ever provided by every candidate.

Just in case the job description or university admission explicitly states that you must include references on your resume, without question, definitely include your reference!

The correct way to list professional references on a CV:

  1. Reference's first and last name – eg: Tim Borden
  2. Position/job title - For example: Marketing Coordinator
  3. Name of the reference company - for example: studyshoot
  4. Work title – Online
  5. City, State, Zip Code of Company -47137 Germany
  6. Reference phone number
  7. Reference email address – [email protected]

A reference page that is carelessly formatted and cluttered will lose an employer's interest. So how do you write one that is eye-catching and professional?

First, put your references on a separate sheet of paper. Add an exclusive reference page, such as the last page of your resume. 

Keep the same reference sheet format as your resume and cover letter, which means using the same font, margins, and color scheme. 

  1. Start at the top with your name, address and phone number. You should place this information on that side of the page that best suits the look of your cover letter and resume. (Left, right, or middle).
  2. Next, write the date. Then start with the employer information in this specific order: name, position, company name, and company address.
  3. Finally, follow up with the subtitle

If you also include personal references, you can also add “Personal References” as a subheading. Don't forget to use the format we discussed in the previous section to list your references.

Create a professional CV: Download free templates