Specialization in meteorology

Meteorology is the science that studies the atmosphere and predicts weather and climate conditions.

Meteorology is considered one of the oldest sciences practiced by humanity, as ancient civilizations used to follow weather changes to determine the dates for agriculture, hunting, and transportation. The science of meteorology has developed over the ages to become today one of the vital sciences that relies on modern technology and advanced devices.

Definition of meteorology

Science that studies the sky and what is beyond it, and the earth and what is beneath it? It is meteorology. Let me take you through some easy ideas and some questions to better understand this study, different from the traditional style that you may have read before.

Imagine having the ability to know the weather before it happens, and even more than that, you can understand how clouds and storms form, and how winds move across the globe.

This is the goal of meteorology, the science that deals with the state, composition and movement of the atmosphere. Through the use of amazing tools such as radars, lasers and satellites, meteorologists are able to monitor weather processes with high precision, without the need for direct intervention.

Imagine that you are standing on top of a mountain and watching the sky change before your eyes. Cloud formation, wind movement, and weather fluctuations are matters that meteorologists study carefully. The atmosphere, the gaseous layer surrounding our planet, is the stage on which these exciting events take place.

Why is it called meteorology?

Meteorology was given this name because this science specializes in “monitoring” the atmosphere and analyzing everything that passes through the sky and also outside the sky.

The word “meteorology” comes from the verb “monitoring,” which means to observe and follow something carefully.

In the Arabic language, The word “meteorology” means careful monitoring and continuous follow-up. Since this science focuses on observing and analyzing weather conditions, the designation “meteorology” accurately reflects its primary goal.

In English, this science is called meteorology, which is derived from the Greek word μετέωρος (meteoros) which means “high in the air” or “high.”

Meteorological tools

Meteorology relies on a variety of tools and devices to collect and analyze weather data. Among these tools:

  • Satellites: They are used to monitor weather from space and provide thermal and optical images of the atmosphere.
  • Radars: It is used to detect rain, clouds and their movement.
  • Atmospheric scales: Gauges include barometric pressure, humidity, and temperature.
  • weather balloons: They are released into the atmosphere to measure atmospheric data at different altitudes.
  • Computer hardware: They are used to analyze data and develop computer models for weather forecasting.

Together, these tools contribute to providing accurate weather forecasts, which helps in preparing for natural disasters and providing advice and guidance to stakeholders and the public.

Departments of meteorology

Departments of meteorology

Meteorology includes several departments that focus on different aspects of the study of the atmosphere and weather. Among these sections:

  • Dynamic meteorology It studies atmospheric movements and the dynamical processes that influence the weather.
  • Radiation meteorology Focuses on the effect of solar and terrestrial radiation on the atmosphere.
  • Climatic meteorology It studies climate patterns and long-term changes in climate.
  • Agricultural meteorology It is concerned with the effect of weather on agriculture and plants.
  • Marine meteorology It studies weather and weather phenomena in marine and ocean areas.

These sections help provide a comprehensive understanding of the atmosphere and accurately predict weather and climate conditions.

Personal traits of students majoring in meteorology

The meteorology major requires a set of personal traits that help students excel in this field. Among these features:

  • The student must be interested in science, especially physics and chemistry.
  • Ability to analyze data accurately and pay attention to detail.
  • The ability to deal with and adapt to sudden changes.
  • Ability to work within a team and communicate effectively.
  • Desire to explore and understand atmospheric phenomena in depth.

These attributes help achieve academic and professional success in the field of meteorology, as this specialty requires a combination of scientific knowledge and practical skills.

Personal skills for meteorology students:

  1. A love of discovery and exploration, and a desire to know how weather and climate work.
  2. Ability to observe and analyze fine details in weather data.
  3. Patience in handling and analyzing complex data.
  4. Ability to explain complex information in simple, understandable ways.
  5. Cooperating with others to achieve common goals.
  6. Ability to evaluate information and make informed decisions based on data.
  7. Ability to adapt to changes in weather and climate conditions.

Practical skills for meteorology students:

  1. Good understanding of mathematics, especially in the areas of arithmetic, algebra and statistics.
  2. Basic knowledge of the principles of physics, because they play a major role in understanding atmospheric phenomena.
  3. Ability to use a computer to analyze data and run weather models.
  4. Knowledge of programming basics, such as Python or R, to analyze weather data.
  5. Ability to use scientific instruments and equipment such as satellites and radars.
  6. Understand how to read and analyze weather maps and predictive models.
  7. Ability to write detailed scientific reports and clearly explain results.
  8. The ability to organize time effectively to complete various tasks on time.

These skills, as I told you, if you find them in yourself or a large part of them, then this major is suitable for you.

Conditions for studying meteorology

The study of meteorology is one of the important scientific disciplines that requires the acquisition of specific scientific qualifications.

1. Requirements for Bachelor of Meteorology

The beginning of the study of meteorology is often through a bachelor's degree. The study program includes various subjects focusing on scientific fundamentals that enable students to understand weather phenomena in depth. These materials include:

  • Essential for understanding the mathematical models and differential equations used in weather forecasts.
  • Physics: To study atmospheric dynamics and thermal energy.
  • chemistry: To understand the chemical reactions that occur in the atmosphere and affect air quality and climate.
  • climatology: To understand long-term climate patterns and their impact on the environment.
  • Weather forecasting models: Studying how to use weather data to build mathematical models that predict future weather conditions.

2. Requirements for Master of Meteorology

After obtaining a bachelor's degree, students can continue their studies for master's or doctoral degrees in specialized areas of meteorology.

A master's degree in meteorology typically requires two years of intensive study after a bachelor's degree. This stage focuses on advanced research and field studies. Master's degree programs include advanced subjects such as:

  • Advanced numerical models: Developing and using accurate computer models for weather forecasts.
  • Advanced climate studies: Analyzing climate change and its impact on environmental and human systems.
  • Advanced meteorological monitoring techniques: Using the latest tools and techniques in collecting and analyzing weather data.

3. Requirements for a PhD in Meteorology

A doctoral degree in meteorology requires an additional three to five years after a master's degree. At this stage, students focus on conducting original scientific research that contributes to the development of knowledge in this field. The doctoral program includes:

  • Conduct field studies and laboratory experiments to develop a new understanding of weather phenomena.
  • Participate in teaching undergraduate students and supervising their research.
  • Writing a doctoral thesis that includes research results and new contributions to meteorology.

But do you actually have to get a doctorate to become a weathercaster?

The answer is no: Only by studying a diploma or bachelor's degree in meteorology can you work in the field of weather bulletins and weather news. But do you think that the academic journey ends here?

If you earn a master's or doctorate in meteorology, you have many diverse career opportunities.

Meteorology subjects at the university

The university's compulsory and elective requirements for the meteorology major include a set of subjects and courses that help students obtain a comprehensive and integrated education. Among these requirements:

  • Mandatory requirements: Includes core science and mathematics subjects such as physics, chemistry, and computer science.
  • Optional requirements: It allows students to choose subjects that interest them such as oceanography, geology, and ecology.

Compulsory and elective specialization requirements include a range of subjects focusing specifically on meteorology. Among these requirements:

  • Compulsory subjects: Includes atmospheric physics, atmospheric chemistry, and computer modeling.
  • Optional subjects: Includes agricultural meteorology, marine meteorology, and applied meteorology.

Number of years studying meteorology

Studying meteorology at universities usually takes four to five years to obtain a bachelor's degree. This period includes the study of theoretical and practical subjects, in addition to practical training and research projects.

Pros and cons of meteorology

A person holding a handful of white crystals


  • Multiple career opportunities: The meteorology major provides job opportunities in various fields such as research, education, and media.
  • Contributing to environmental protection: Work in this field helps provide accurate information about weather and climate, which contributes to protecting the environment.
  • Technological development: It allows the use of advanced technology in collecting and analyzing weather data.


  • Professional challenges: Working in this field can be stressful and requires high precision.
  • Exposure to stress: Some jobs in this field require working under great pressure, especially in cases of natural disasters.
  • Lack of opportunities in some areas: Job opportunities may be limited in some countries or regions that do not care much about meteorology.
The best universities to study meteorology

1. Study of meteorology in Jordan

Jordanian universities that have colleges specializing in meteorology:

  1. Yarmouk University.
  2. Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST).
  3. Balqa Applied University.
  4. University of Jordan.
  5. International Islamic Sciences University.

2. Study of meteorology in Egypt

Egyptian universities that have colleges specializing in meteorology:

  1. Cairo University .
  2. Alexandria University.
  3. Mansoura University.
  4. Ismailia University.
  5. Minia University.

3. Study of meteorology in Morocco

Moroccan universities with faculties specializing in meteorology:

  1. Mohammed V University-Agdal.
  2. Hassan II University - Casablanca.
  3. Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdullah University - Fez.
  4. Cadi Ayyad University - Marrakesh.
  5. Moulay Ismail University - Meknes.

4. Study of meteorology in Algeria

Algerian universities with faculties specializing in meteorology:

  1. Algeria University.
  2. Constantine University.
  3. University of Oran.
  4. University of Blida.

5. Study of meteorology in UAE

UAE universities that have colleges specializing in meteorology:

  • United Arab Emirates University.
  • Zayed University.
  • Al Sharekah University.
  • Ajman University.
  • Ras Al Khaimah University of Medicine and Science.

6. Study of meteorology in Qatar

Qatari universities that have colleges specializing in meteorology:

  • Qatar University.
  • Hamad Bin Khalifa University.

These were the elite universities in each country. All of them offer you a unique opportunity to study meteorology. All of these universities also provide you with fully funded scholarships. We worked a lot until we found the best list for you.

Areas of work in meteorology

Register for these jobs and remember my words that they are the best ever:

  • Working as a professor or researcher in universities and research institutes.
  • Participate in research projects related to climate change, weather phenomena, and climate data analysis.
  • Working in national or international meteorological bodies, such as the General Authority of Meteorology and Environmental Protection (in Saudi Arabia) or the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
  • Airlines: Providing weather forecasts and air safety consultations.
  • Energy companies: especially those that depend on the weather such as renewable energy companies (solar and wind).
  • Working in government agencies specialized in environmental planning and natural disaster management.
  • Participation in climate change and water resources management programs.
  • Developing weather forecasting models and software and analyzing climate data.
  • Providing consultations to companies and organizations on the environmental impacts of various projects and how to deal with changing weather conditions.

The future of meteorology

A man standing on a glass surface looking at a city

The future of meteorology is bright and full of possibilities, thanks to continuing technological developments and advanced scientific research.

With advances in the use of artificial intelligence and big data analysis, it has become possible to improve the accuracy of weather forecasts and predict natural disasters more effectively.

Sophisticated computer models rely on machine learning techniques to analyze vast amounts of weather data and provide accurate and reliable forecasts. The launch of advanced satellites also plays a vital role in providing accurate data on the atmosphere around the world, which contributes to improving our understanding of weather and climate patterns.

Future research anticipates the development of new sensors capable of collecting more detailed atmospheric and weather data, including polluting gases and fine particles.

Meteorology is expected to witness increased international cooperation between scientists and institutions around the world to address common weather and climate challenges. These collaborative efforts will contribute to the development of global strategies to mitigate the effects of natural disasters and climate change.

So believe me dear. This specialty has a bright future. It is wonderful to study it and everything about it is fun and the conversation is not limited only here. There is more about the technical section of meteorology.

Final thoughts on meteorology

In conclusion, meteorology is considered a vital discipline that plays an important role in understanding weather, climate, and protecting the environment. Studying this major requires a combination of scientific knowledge and practical skills, and it also provides diverse job opportunities in several fields. Whether you are interested in research, education, or working in the media, meteorology opens multiple doors for you to achieve professional success and contribute to society.


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