What is the Internet of Things? And how it has a special impact on our future

The Internet of Things, you may have previously heard this new term that has emerged recently. But what is it intended for, and what is its benefit and impact on our future? Let's get to know the details.

The Internet of Things means the new generation of the Internet that allows understanding and coordination between devices interconnected with each other (via the Internet Protocol).

These devices include instruments, sensors, sensors, and instruments Artificial intelligence Various and others.

What distinguishes the Internet of Things is that it allows people to be free from location, meaning that the person can control tools without the need to be in a specific place to deal with a specific device.

Definition of Internet of Things

What is the Internet of Things? And how it has a special impact on our future STUDYSHOOT

Internet of Things (IoT): It is a network of physical objects that have electronics integrated into their structure in order to communicate and sense interactions between each other or in relation to the external environment. 

Is it still complicated? We'll explain it simpler...

British technology pioneer Kevin Ashton said a few years ago: “What the Internet of Things is really about is information technology that can collect specific information to link it together, and produce something new that is different from the things that data was collected about the first time.”

Eric Schmidt, former CEO of Google, made this bold prediction for the Internet of Things during a World Economic Forum session in 2015: saying

“The Internet will disappear. There will be so many IP addresses, so many devices, so many sensors, things you wear, things you interact with, that you won't even feel it. It will be a part of your presence all the time.”

The most important examples in our lives that are considered a model of the Internet of Things:

  • Connected devices
  • Smart home security systems
  • Modern farming equipment
  • Health monitoring devices such as Apple Watches
  • Smart factory equipment such as Mercedes factory robots
  • Shipping containers that can be remotely tracked.

Read also: Create a phone application without programming

Examples of the Internet of Things

Here are some selected examples of things that communicate and understand over the Internet without direct human intervention.

In the Internet of Things, the human being has nothing to do with the communication that takes place through the information system between the devices. The human being prepared everything, but the machine was the one that accomplished the work perfectly. Especially since man is still trying to develop a machine that will develop itself in subsequent periods of time, that is, in the future. Do you think this is possible?

Imagine that Amazon Alexa can identify the food items that you store in your refrigerator, and if you do not have tomatoes, you can order them directly from the supermarket via text message... Believe me, I have tried this myself.

What is the way to create the Internet of Things?

What is the Internet of Things? And how it has a special impact on our future STUDYSHOOT

There are two ways to build the Internet of Things: 

  1. Forming a separate internet including only physical objects.  
  2. Making the Internet more expansive than ever before, but this requires robust technologies like rigorous cloud computing and fast (and expensive) storage of big data.

What are the benefits of the Internet of Things?

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The Internet of Things enables humans to effectively and easily control things up close and remotely.

For example, a person can start his car's engine and control it from his computer, as we see in modern cars such as Tesla and others.

A person can also control the washing duties of his washing machine through a mobile phone (such as the German Bosch washing machines).

It can also identify the contents of the refrigerator remotely by using an Internet connection, as happened to me previously.

However, these are examples of a primitive form of the Internet of Things. The more mature form is for different “things” to understand each other using the Internet Protocol.

Device automation can also be used in remote health management and in emergency alerts system.

Health management systems can be used to measure blood pressure, manage heart rate, and can be used in advanced medical devices such as pacemakers and hearing aids.

Some hospitals have begun to use “smart beds,” which can determine whether beds are vacant, and can also be used to determine if a patient is trying to get up. It can also adjust itself to ensure proper pressure and support for the patient.

Sensors can also monitor the health status of elderly people in living rooms. Other wireless devices can encourage the user to live healthy, such as wearable heart monitors. There are plenty of other health monitoring platforms.

Disadvantages of Internet of Things

  • Standard compatibility in data collection was delayed for many reasons, including slow internet, for example.
  • More chances of failure due to poor data collection in a particular application, for example.
  • Loss of privacy or security
  • More dependent on technology

IoT can be used in the following areas

  • The medical section
  • Public sector
  • Transportation sector
  • Daily life at home
  • Self-employment sector
  • Tourism and travel sector
  • In companies
  • In space science
  • In genetics
  • In engineering sciences
  • in Programming sciences
  • In many, many other sectors.

I've heard the word Internet Protocol a lot, but...

What is Internet Protocol?

What is the Internet of Things? And how it has a special impact on our future STUDYSHOOT

Internet Protocol, which is also known as (IP), is the method through which data is sent from one computer to another on the Internet.

Every computer connected to the Internet has at least one IP address that uniquely identifies it from all other computers on the Internet.

This means that the device you are reading from now has at least one Internet protocol. It has connected to our website, Study Shoot, which also contains at least one Internet protocol, so that you can finally view and read this article.

Did you know: The first independent version of the Internet Protocol is the fourth version, abbreviated IPv4, which is the basic protocol on the Internet. The later version is the sixth version, abbreviated IPv6.

What is required to deal with the Internet of Things?

What is the Internet of Things? And how it has a special impact on our future STUDYSHOOT

Believe me, the list here is too long to mention what is needed to deal with the Internet of Things. For example, in the hardware and software production sector, market forces can guarantee high quality of things related to the Internet and methods of connection and interoperability according to global best practices.

There are leading international companies in this field, investing billions of dollars in... Research To expand the technology of understanding “things”.

What is required of the governments of developed and developing countries alike is to expand the strengthening of the infrastructure and superstructure of the Internet, especially with regard to the Internet Protocol resource in the country.

For example, Internet administrations in countries should accelerate the transition to the Internet Protocol (IPv6), which doubles the number of Internet addresses that can be assigned to things, as the Protocol (IPv4) provides a limited number of addresses that are not enough for things that can be linked on the Internet.

Telecommunications companies must accelerate the modernization of their switchboards to provide fourth and fifth generation mobile phone services.

Challenges in the Internet of Things

What is the Internet of Things? And how it has a special impact on our future STUDYSHOOT

Faces The Internet of things Many fields such as information technology, healthcare, data analysis and agriculture.

The main focus is on protecting privacy because it is the main cause of other challenges including government involvement.

Integrated efforts by government, civil society and the private sector will play a vital role in protecting the following values ​​listed below to prevent disruption of the Internet of Things:

  • Scalability:

Billions of Internet-enabled devices are connected in a massive network, and large amounts of data need to be processed. The system that stores and analyzes data from these IoT devices must be scalable. Nowadays, daily objects in the era of Internet of Things development are connected to each other via the Internet. The raw data obtained from these devices needs big data analytics and cloud storage to interpret the useful data.

  • Interoperability:

Technological standards in most areas remain fragmented. Convergence of these technologies is needed. This will help us create a common framework and standard for IoT devices. Since the standardization process is still lacking, IoT interoperability with legacy devices should be considered crucial. This lack of interoperability prevents us from moving toward seeing truly connected everyday interoperable intelligent objects.

  • Lack of government support: Government and regulatory bodies like the FDA should come in and roll out regulations by creating a standard committee for the safety and security of devices and people.
  • Patient safety: Most IoT devices are left unattended, because they are connected to real-world objects. If used on patients as wearable devices, any technical safety error could be life-threatening to the patient.
  • Personal security and privacy: There has been no research into vulnerabilities and their improvements. It must ensure the confidentiality, integrity and availability of the patient's personal data.
  • Design-based challenge

With the development in technology design challenges are increasing at a faster rate. There were design issues such as limited compute power, limited power, and limited memory that needed to be solved.

Major companies pioneering the Internet of Things

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There must always be giants around the world that seize the market for anything modern, and here are the most important of these major companies that are trying to develop this phenomenon, including:

  • Google Inc.
  • Tesla Corporation
  • LG Electronics Company
  • Samsung Electronics
  • Tovala company
  • Josh Company
  • Verkada Company
  • SimpliSafe Company
  • John Deere Company
  • Herdog Company
  • Spectralink company
  • Indotronics Corporation
What is the Internet of Things? And how it has a special impact on our future